Differentiate between intrapersonal and interpersonal Communication; compare their merits & demerits.

Differentiate between intrapersonal and interpersonal Communication; compare their merits & demerits.

Interpersonal and intrapersonal communication can be differentiated on the following base.

Interpersonal communication:

Introduction: interpersonal communication is that kind of communication which takes place within or among more than two people with use of different mediums of communication. With betterment and advancement of the communication mediums, it has brought the community more closely and as a family.


When communication which takes place from one to another, face to face, both communicator and communicated persons reflects personal characteristics as well as social role and relationship. Some theorists may include particularly the role of mediator of the communication.


For forming a proper communication, both models of communicator should have a conducive relationship to each other, to communicate, understand and accept for any kind of responses.

Face to face meeting:

Communication involves face to face meetings whilst exchanging idea, thoughts and other form of words between the participants. Here the communication might be mediated by using different types of mediums of communication such as television channels, telephonic lines and other modern mediums.


Each and every communicator plays distinctive roles in forming a relation between them.

However, there is another definition of communication as “who says what, in which channel, to whom and with what effects”. It is my personal reflection that the communication of this definition does not reflect time and where does it take place, more than that communication in modern era does not merely involve talking but it is larger community or social context.

Process of interpersonal communication:

The process of communication can be viewed from the general prospective of Shannon and Weaver, of this model of communication, there are four basic components forming a proper communication including the sender and message, the medium and the receiver. Here the noise provides an additional component.

Here the first two components the sender and message, the sender composes a message to persuade the receiver. The sender encodes the message properly so as to make sure that the message will be reflected by the receiver under proper channel.

The channel of communication in this model refers to the mode by which the message is transmitted. Most familiar channels advancing in the modernity are Radios, television and telephonic. However, interpersonal communication is different in this regard to mass communication since some participants may not use certain medium and communication may take place with face-to-face way.

The forth components of the model is the receiver. The receiver is responsible to receive the message and decode it in way that they could intelligently response to the sources.

Here the interaction of message takes place when the receiver responses the sender after decoding properly and it is in form of feedback, it helps to clarify the message and enhance communication properly. It is cyclical process of communication.

There are different types of communications in terms of number of participants involving:

  1. Dyadic communication:

This type of communication lies within two people, for instance discussion takes place between the Teacher and his student about communication

  1. Group communication

The group communication consists of participants more than three; here proper group communication of interpersonal communication can be resembled when lesser number of people will be involved. However, there is no distinctive number of exceeding participants to be involved in the group communication when it limits more than three.

  1. Public communication

This types of communication involves a larger participants basically forms in one way style of communication process. The feedback of the receiver is minimal. It takes place in larger audience and mostly takes place for entertainment and persuasion.

 Interpersonal Communication

Intrapersonal communication takes place within one person. It is meant to reflect oneself to clarify something. There are three concept of intrapersonal communication namely as following:

  1. Self-conception

It is the one of the concepts of intrapersonal communication because it determines how he sees himself and which to oriented to others. It is also known as self-awareness. There are several factors effecting the communication.

a)     Belief

It is self-orientation to know what is true or false, good or bad. It might be descriptive or prescriptive.

b)     Values

Values are integral part of belief to determine what is right or wrong. It is a deep seated foundation lying within the person’s mind and concept.

c)     Attitude

It is a learned idea of the person and it is generally consistent with value. It is often emotional.

  1. Perception

When the self-concept lies internally and perception focuses outward. It is deep rooted in belief, values and attitude. It related and closely intertwined with self concept to create better understanding of both within and outside world.

  1. Expectation

It is futuristic oriented message dealing with long term occurrence. People form expectation on the base of the strength of ones learned ideas within the society.

There are different types of intrapersonal communications as following

  1. Internal discourse

Internal discourse relates to thinking, concentrating and analysing within one self. It might of day dreaming, praying or meditating.

  1. Solo-vocal

It is that communication which takes place while one shouts loudly for clarifying one-self or rehearsing, when you are talking to yourselves when students don’t do homework properly, you might talk yourself to remind on the next time to  redo it.

  1. Solo-written communication

It deals with writing for oneself and not for others. Like writing notes for your future use.

Merits and demerits of intra and interpersonal communication:

  1. Irreversibility of communication


Once when interpersonal communication has taken place, it could not be hold back. When it has conveyed properly and in better way, there is always good impact


It is by contrast, when the communication was not properly flowed with good impact, it is always bad impression.

  1. Communication does not only be verbal communication


When you are in good mood, you may convey to others in better way.


The communication might be of body language and it is really hard stop when something goes on emotionally, at that point of time, you may resort to have violence interaction.

  1. Situation


The communication can also be depending on the situation, when situation will be calm both in psychologically and sociologically then communication would be flowed smoothly


It is by contrast, when the situation of discourse is in harsh and not good, the communication might not be good flow

Merits and demerits of intrapersonal communication


When the intrapersonal communication takes place, there is no feedback since there is no receiver to decode whatever he talks about himself.


Intrapersonal communication does not need to wait for secondary feedback and it could take place whenever he/she wants







17 thoughts on “Differentiate between intrapersonal and interpersonal Communication; compare their merits & demerits.

  1. It is actually a nice and helpful piece of information. I am happy that you simply shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing. eedecdaggabd

    Liked by 1 person

  2. feeling very happy to read very nice information which is share by you thanks and share about mass communication ……………..


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