Refugees in India unlike to most of the countries in the world are governed under two legal approaches i.e. Foreigner’s Act 1946 and India’s Citizenship Act 1955. Asylum seekers from different part of the world sought legal protections from India since many years though India did neither participated on 1951 UN convention guarantying legal protection to refugees nor in the subsequent 1967 Protocol.
Since the abortion of revolt against Chinese occupation in 1959, Tibetan in large influx fleet to India. The former political and current spiritual leader H.H 14 Dalai Lama along with thousands of Tibetans sought out legal protection and guaranteed refugee in according to Indian Law.
India is a homeland of many foreigners, in the same case of Tibetans, Tamils from Sri lankha, Nepali originated Bhutanese, Hindu Pakistans, Burmese, Palestinians and Afghanistan Refugees settled in India under protection.
Tibetans, amongst all, had deep-rooted relation with India on their own context of religious and trade for centuries. The existing Sino-India relation and its complex border dispute are heavily depending on the light of both countries ambitious political agenda on Tibet. The status of Tibetans has already narrowed over past several years. Tibetan Government in Exile became Central Tibetan Administration limiting the status of Tibetans to narrowly as an organisation.
The critics lie on Indian government abstention in 1951 UN convention, holding risk of being forceful repatriation of the refugees. Indian government only guarantees protections to refugees under the faith rather than primary legally assisting from UN Convention.